Somniloquy is talking while you are sleeping. It is an abnormal behavior that takes place only during sleep. It is a common occurrence and is not a medical issue. Your nighttime chatter can be harmless or graphic, but it is often quite annoying.

 

What Are You Sleep Talking About?

 

Causes

 

Sleep talking usually runs in families and girls, as well as boys, talk equally in their sleep. It is hard to tell if you have been talking in your own sleep. Usually you have to be told. Sleep talking does not necessarily occur during dreaming. Talking may occur in any stage of the sleep cycle. It is normally a harmless activity but it could also be a sign of an underlying and dangerous sleep disorder.

 

REM sleep behavior disorder and sleep terrors are two types of disorders that cause sleep talking. Night errors usually involve frightening screams, kicking and thrashing. It is hard to wake someone up who is having a sleep terror episode. Children with sleep terrors sleep talk and sleepwalk.

 

Sleep behavior disorders involve yelling, shouting, grunting and acting out their dreams. These types of disorders can be violent. Sleep talking can occur with nocturnal sleep-related eating disorders. This is a condition where a person eats while still sleeping. Naturally this will also include sleepwalking.

 

If you talk in your sleep look to the medications you take, emotional stresses, fever, mental health disorders or substance abuse.

 

Treatments

 

You may want to consider seeing a doctor or sleep expert if unconscious chatter interferes with your sleep or the sleep of your roommate. If your sleep talking involves screaming, intense fear, or violent chatter and actions, let your doctor know.

 

Children with sleep problems like sleep talking, sleep walking or violent movements need to see their pediatricians as soon as possible.

 

Talk to a sleep specialist about your condition. They will ask how long you have been talking in your sleep. Question your parents, bed partners and roommates. You may have started sleep talking in your childhood. 

 

There are no tests to diagnose sleep talking. You may need to have a sleep study or sleep recording to check if you have signs of other sleep disorders. Simple sleep talking rarely requires treatment. If you do have acute sleep talking, you may have a more serious sleep syndrome or other medical conditions. These can be treated.

 

Prevention

 

There is no known way to stop or reduce sleep talking. You might want to monitor the stress in your life and get plenty of sleep. Keep a sleep diary to identify your sleep patterns and determine if there is an underlying problem causing you to sleep talk. Keep the diary for at least two weeks. Note the time you go to bed, what you were thinking when you fell asleep and what you are thinking when you wake up. Write down the medicines you take, what you drink every day. Make a list of the caffeinated drinks you consume and take notes of when and where you exercise.